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The farm was abandoned by 1880 due, Robert Haworth (local geographer) believes, to a slight rise in sea levels which made the soil too saline
Pam remembers gathering oysters, all gone now, “stripped”, and getting fish from local fishermen
1804 - North Coastal - view
An increase in number of conflicts when the “maize was ripe”. Farming has largely prevented access to the river for food gathering for the Aboriginal people. Many are starving. The Koori view of life is that food is there to be gathered, in one’s own country, and the ripe corn has replaced the wild daisy yams that have grown on the river banks. Many farmers use Aboriginal labour to help them gather crops but fail to pay them adequately for their work. If Koori people cross farmers’ land they are liable to be shot at. Governor King hears testimony from three Koori men that if they can retain certain places on the lower Hawkesbury, they will be satisfied and not in trouble the farmers. King rashly assures them that no more settlements will be made lower down the Hawkesbury – north-coastal country. ( Historical Records of New South Wales , vol 5, p. 513)
1810 - North Coastal - view
Koori diets are already affected by the scarcity of fish in the harbour. To compensate, people are beginning to use European foodstuff.