Biddy Lewis accepts a grant of land at Marramarra Creek. Her husband John Lewis Ferdinand, also known as John Lewis, is a Prussian soldier in the German army and has fought in the Napoleonic wars. John meets Biddy while working as an assigned convict on Bungaree’s farm. He and Biddy have 10 children, seven survive. The family lives by fishing and oyster gathering as well as boat building and selling fruit from their orchard, while Biddy acts as midwife for the whole district. A story is told that Lewis, sailing his boat, would often say to Biddy “Sit in the bow of the boat, Biddy, so I can look at your beautiful face”. There are known descendants of their children Elizabeth, Mary Ann, James, Thomas and Catherine. The family flourishes and lives by burning lime to sell for mortar, boat building, growing fruit and fishing. Biddy is a fisherwoman and farmer.
One child, Catherine, marries Joseph Benns, a Belgian. They settle on Scotland Island, Pittwater. Catherine becomes known as the ‘Queen of Scotland Island’, and also becomes a famous midwife.
Birth of Esther Aitken, a descendant of Kitty and a Guringai woman, whose name appears on the blanket distribution lists for Brisbane Waters.
Northern Sydney clans are in decline due to dispossession of their land and removal of their access to the food traditionally gathered by the sea. The Koori birth rate decreases. Paintings of the period show Koori people with grog bottles and fighting, existing on charity in the streets of Sydney. Alcohol has tragic consequences in illness and mortality