Eugene Stockton suggests that the central Blue Mountains from Springwood to the base of Boddington Hill at Wentworth Falls, together with the ridges radiating from these areas, is a spiritual and ceremonial area because of the large concentration of art and ceremonial sites and low concentration of occupational sites visited only periodically for one of these purposes. Conversely, living areas near the more abundant food supply areas have low concentrations of art and ceremonial sites such as the Kanangra Plateau. J. Smith, ‘Gundungurra Country’, PhD thesis, 2008, p. 621.

Gandangara lands, adjacent to Darug country, are sheltered from the early violence because the Nepean River’s poor sandstone soils are less attractive to white farmers. The Dharawal part of the river, with its rich floodplains around Camden, are very attractive to settlers like McArthur.


Birth of Kitty of the Warmuli (Prospect or Liverpool Clan). She is admitted to the Native Institution in 1814. She is later known as Black Kitty. She marries Colebee the son of Yarramundi.

Budbury meets Barralier during trips of exploration in the Burragorang Valley.


Birth of Nelly (Oolonga, Na Doong, Black Nellie) Cabrogal clan Liverpool. She is living with Angelina Ardler nee Timbery in 1886.

Birth of Betsy Jubba (Jabbo, Betsy Giles) Kogarah of the Dharawal Tribe. She is listed on the Blanket lists. She is wife number two to Cooman Chief of the Liverpool Tribe.(Kohen 2009)


Cow Pastures Aborigines. ‘A Number of Natives, composed of the Families well known about Prospect and Parramatta, with some Strangers from the Cow Pastures having put themselves under the protection of the Magistrates at Parramatta, and are sit down at the Brush between Prospect and George's River, they are not to be molested in that situation; some of them having accompanied a party to apprehend the Murderers of the two Settlers and the two Stockmen.” By Command of His Excellency, G. Blaxcell, Acting Sec. Government House, Sydney, May 5, 1805. (Trove – The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, NSW: 1803-1842).


Birth of Judith (Ginny Gabba) at Mulgoa, she marries Gilbert Namut. She is referred to as a’cripple’ at the Blacktown settlement in 1824, aged 17. She is the daughter of Mary Mary (Merry Merry) of Mulgoa. Also known as Polly. No Judith listed on any blanket returns. She is referred to as “Judith” on baptism certificate of her daughter Rosa.


The floods in the older riverside areas force settlements into the uncleared forest grounds in the new country south of Liverpool and Cabramatta, around Camden and Campbelltown and west of the bushrangers’ haunts around the Nepean. A web of settler families has grown up close to junctions of the Cataract-Georges River and Nepean River of the west. These regions are visited by Dharawal people and also by Gandangara. Certain settlers enjoy good relations with them.