Topics: People: Political leaders: North Coastal

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Before Cook - view

Bennelong was a Wangal and his clans land spreads from Balmain along the Parramatta River to Parramatta.

Before Cook - view

Colby was a Cadigal from South Head to Warrane (Sydney Cove).

1750 - 1769 - view

Bungaree’s parents born in Brisbane Waters or nearby country.

1770s - view

Bungaree is born in Broken Bay. One family tradition places his birthplace as Patonga. He most probably speaks Wannungine (Guringai language). He is thought to be a Garigal clan man.

1789 - view

Bennelong (A Wangal man) and Colbee (Cadigal) are captured at Manly.

1790 - view

Pemulwuy, a feared Koori warrior and leader, is said to have led attacks on it.

1790 - view

Bennelong escapes from Governor Phillip’s house.

1790 - view

Willermarin, a Koori man visiting from the north, spears Governor Phillip at Manly Cove. Phillip has taken up the invitation of Bennelong to attend a whale feast. Phillip is the victim of an attack and is speared in the shoulder, staggers back to his longboat while his soldiers disperse the Aboriginal people. Phillip does not order retribution and Bennelong is later welcomed back into Phillip’s confidence.

1790 - view

Pemulwuy, a Koori from near Parramatta, fights the invasion by the English through attacks upon the settlement. His group commits many raids killing or wounding 17 people. Pemulwuy spears Governor Phillip’s game keeper John McIntire who dies from his wounds.

1792 - view

Governor Phillip leaves for England taking Koories, Bennelong and Yemmerrawanne.

1794 - view

Pemulwuy leads his men on a raid at Parramatta and is wounded. Collins notes ‘the natives have become troublesome … forcibly taking provisions and clothing from convicts”. (Collins 1971 vol 1, p. 297)

1795 - view

Pemulwuy is seen at an initiation ceremony, recovered from wounds. He leads a new attack on settlers at Brickfield Hill.

1797 - view

Bennelong takes part in the last recorded initiation corroboree at Port Jackson (Collins 1975, p. 49)

1799 - view

John Molloy, a surgeon in the Hawkesbury district, reports that in the four years prior to 1799, 26 settlers have been killed and 13 wounded.

1800 - 1803 - view

Her mother is ‘Queen’ Matora, a wife of Bungaree.

1801 - view

Garigal clan leader Grewin from Patonga leads his clan in Pittwater helping seamen and plundering wreckage from shipwrecks. Report by Lieutenant James Grant who walks from North Head to Pittwater accompanied by three Garigal men, four women and two children. They meet 10 other Garigal people camped at “Narrobine [Narrabeen] Lagoon”.

1801 - view

10 June, Bungaree sails on the Lady Nelson to the Coal River, Newcastle, in an expedition looking for coal. At the Hunter River, Bungaree joins the Koories and makes his own way southwards to his country on foot.

1802 - 1803 - view

Bungaree sets out on 22 July on the Investigator to circumnavigate Australia with Matthew Flinders and another Koorie man Nanbaree, who has been brought up in the settlement by Surgeon White. Bungaree is the first Indigenous man to circumnavigate Australia.

1802 - 1803 - view

Nanbaree returns to Sydney earlier as he is homesick.

1802 - 1803 - view

On his return, Bungaree brings the Broken Bay clan to settle in Port Jackson. He makes camp at Kirribilli.